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This volume examines the concept and social phenomenon of discrimination from economic and sociological perspectives. It brings together the work of a wide range of sociologists and economists and provides a spectrum of methodological and ideological views on this highly charged topic. The breadth of topics and approaches offered here include classical Marxist ideas on rivalry among entrepreneurs and among ethnic groups to neo-classical supply-side and human capital factors, as well as demand-side factors such as efficiency wage theories and organizational inertia.
This work will be of interest to specialists in labor economics and sociology. It provides an excellent overview of the relevant issues and current scholarly thought in employment and occupational discrimination.
- Table of Contents
Preface and Dedication
Unemployment: Alternative Explanations and Discriminatory Consequences
Why Is the Black Unemployment Rate Always Twice as High as the White Unemployment Rate? by Steven Shulman
Efficiency Wage Theory: Critical Reflections on the NeoKeynesian Theory of Unemployment and Discrimination by William A. Darity, Jr.
Discrimination and Efficiency Wages: Estimates of the Role of Efficiency Wages in Male/Female Wage Differentials by Michael D. Robinson and Phanindra V. Wunnava
Competition, Discrimination and Differential Wage Rates: On the Continued Relevance of Marxian Theory to the Analysis of Earnings and Employment Inequality by Rhonda M. Williams
Labor-Market Segmentation: Evidence and Implications of Gender Barriers
The Structure and Process of Sex Segregation by William T. Bielby
Organizational Evidence of Ascription in Labor Markets by James N. Baron
Working Conditions, Segmented Labor Markets and Gender Discrimination by David Fairris and Lori Kletzer
Supply-Side Responses to Inequity
The Measurement of Labor Market Discrimination When Minorities Respond to Discrimination by Harriet Orcutt Duleep and Nadja Zalokar
Lifetime Work Expectations and Estimates of Gender Discrimination by Solomon W. Polachek and Charng Kao
Markets: Social Amplifiers or Dampers? Is an Active Policy Necessary/Effective?
Circulation Causation in Social Processes: The Case of the Ghetto and Black-Owned Businesses by Timothy Bates
Discrimination, Returns to Education and Teenage Childbearing by Elaine McCrate
Earnings of Black Immigrants: Implications for Racial Discrimination by Stephen A. Woodbury
Accounting for the Economic Progress of Black Americans by James J. Heckman